No wonder the initial post-harvest storage condition is the most critical to maintain the quality of the produce. A special division of horticulture supports the enhancement of the environment and includes home gardening, urban horticulture, arboriculture, and landscaping. for its health. Letâs explore them. Branches of Horticulture Pomology(Fruit culture) The branch of horticulture, concerned with the production, harvesting, processing, preservation, storage and marketing of fruits and nuts. Flower arrangement also fall under this header. The above branches are major aspects of horticulture, but there are more unique horticultural niches as well. The crops start losing their nutritional value as soon as they are harvested. This branch of horticulture involves the production and cultivation of fruit and nut crops. Floriculture â This area of horticulture focuses on the cultivation of flowers (cut and potted) and foliage. Make sure to check it out. Terrace Gardening: Terrace Gardening is nothing about growing vegetable and ornamental plants on the Terrace. Landscape horticulturists design, construct, and take care of landscapes in homes, businesses, and public areas. However, if you place them too close to a window, they may get burnt by direct sunlight. 5. However, if you don’t have enough space for fully grown trees, you could control the growth of the woody part of the plants by pruning and tying the branches to a frame like structure such as a trellis or fence and even plants shaped like a frame. You also have to distribute them to different stores and retailers. In this post, I will help you select the best combination of Horticulture branches based on your interests and needs. The specialization of the horticulturist and the success of the crop are influenced by many factors. It mainly focuses on the study, cultivation, marketing and technology of all kinds of plants. Gardening may seem like the most common type of horticulture, and the is because it is. There are many options to consider while planning your garden landscape to create outdoor spaces for relaxing and entertainment. Selon le dictionnaire de l'Académie française, l'horticulture est l'art de cultiver les jardins, de pratiquer la culture des légumes, des fruits, des fleurs, des arbres ou des arbustes fruitiers et d'ornement. Thatâs why weâve got all the types in the list below. So to continue, here are some of the recreational horticulture practices: Gardening. POMOLOGY - branch deals with the cultivation of fruits ; OLERICULTURE - branch deals with the cultivation of vegetables; ORNAMENTAL HORTICULTURE- science of growing ornamental foliage and flowering trees, shrubs, climbers, seasonal flowers, cacti, orchids, indoor and outdoor garden plants, etc. There are a significantly smaller amount of recreational sub-categories than in business horticulture, simply because it is a non-profit practice. Fruits and vegetables are the chief sources of vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, fats, proteins etc. Horticulture is, at the most basic level, the science or art of cultivating fruits, vegetables, flowers, or ornamental plants. Horticulture consists of several different branches based on the kind of plants produced, the cultivation methods involved and how they are used. The science of horticulture can be divided into several branches depending upon the crops it deals with. You’ve guessed it, Landscape horticulturists design and take care of these delightful landscapes everywhere. Branches of agriculture include aqua farming, farming, apiculture or beekeeping, fishing, forestry, ranching and whaling. Master Gardeners are well-versed in this field, but its full definition actually extends beyond what we would normally think of as gardening or agriculture. Floriculture â This area of horticulture focuses on the cultivation of flowers (cut and potted) and foliage. Although we have seen the major branches of Horticulture, there are some unique branches which are often overlooked. Floriculture involves flowers and ornamental plants used for landscaping and decorative purposes. Viticulture. Agronomy involves the large-scale cultivation of crops, such as wheat, cotton, fruits, and vegetables. This will help u to crack exams like JRF SRF ARS ( Horticulture ) Instagram link - â¦ So, this implies that you have to grow and to harvest fresh flowers. Thus literary horticulture means garden cultivation. Floriculture involves a wide variety of cut flowers, foliage, pot plants, seeds and bulbs. Olericulture â Vegetable lovers will enjoy a career in this field. Horticulture is just one part of the many branches of agriculture. Horticulture introduction - Definition and Branches of Horticulture from Biology Exams 4 U. vegetable crops in vegetable garden, fruit crops in fruit orchards. Let’s explore them. Itâs an interesting aspect of modern culture, when you consider how much we rely on plants for pleasure and survival. The seasonings that come from the leaves are herbs and the seasonings from any other part of the plant are spices. These plants can be easily grown indoors even with indirect sunlight and require very little space. But wait, a Horticulturist’s activity doesn’t end here. Hortus means garden and Culture means knowledge of growing these crops. It is a known fact that we are the 2 nd largest producers of fruits and vegetables in the world. Whether you’re a keen planter or a complete newbie, these Seed Kits are the perfect solution for your garden. Janick and the International Society for Horticulture Science offer additional descriptions of horticulture to differentiate it from other plant-based industries like agronomy. This branch of Horticulture specializes in growing grapes which are mostly used for making wine. Itâs possible to train in horticulture and be an expert in how plants are used, grown and harvested. For example, the growing of sweet corn is horticultural while growing grain corn is agronomic. Agriculture (UG and PG) Degree Program. Espaliers are also useful for growing fruit plants in a tight space but they require lots of time and maintenance. The other major subjects are Horticulture, Agriculture Engineering and Agroforestry. In some parts of the world, the distinction is less clear or the labels are used interchangeably. Landscape horticulture is a broad category that includes plants for the landscape, including lawn turf but particularly nursery crops such as shrubs, trees, and vines. Horticulture involves the use of plants for beauty, comfort and food. Let your creativity take over as you focus on your garden landscape and create a backyard retreat to dissolve the day’s stress. Food production and demand on a worldwide basis, with a special eye to the major producers. I personally recommend The Smart Garden 9. This branch of Horticulture specializes in growing grapes which are mostly used for making wine. It is a science of cultivation of Garden plants. This branch of horticulture revolves around production and cultivation of fruit crops. We need fruits, vegetables and flowers in our daily life. Flower arrangement also fall under this header. develop an irrigation system. Olericulturists generally cultivate the vegetables all the way from seeds. Not sure which Horticulture branch is good for your garden? Let’s take a deeper look into each of the categories. Although we have seen the major branches of Horticulture, there are some unique branches which are often overlooked. Required fields are marked *. Pomology: refers to cultivation of fruit crops. It mainly focuses on the study, cultivation, marketing, and technology of several kinds of plants. This Herb Garden Starter Kit from Garden Republic is all you need to start your own herbal garden. If you love to eat delicious fruits and nuts, then Pomology may allure you. There are five main branches of horticulture that are divided according to the type of crops produced and how the plants are used. In this type of horticulture, it is not just enough that you have the passion for taking care of flowers. If you love the sight and smell of vibrant flowers blooming in the garden, then Floriculture is for you. Le terme est probablement un emprunt savant à l'anglais , il se compose du latin classique hortus « jardin » et du mot culture. Many of these activities are also used as therapeutic tools in horticultural therapy to help patients. Horticulture has three major branches in it. Agriculture and M. Sc. Branches of Horticulture There are five main branches of horticulture that are divided according to the type of crops produced and how the plants are used. Coffee plants are easy to maintain, and seedlings are readily available. Check out some of the most cost-effective vegetables to grow in your garden. With a little investment and proper care, grape vines can produce fruit with ease for years to come. Growing your own vegetables can never be more convenient and rewarding. These plants make gardens more attractive and vibrant. They choose plants for their aesthetic appeal and practicality and arrange them in ways that are pleasing and conform to the needs of their clients. They also boost plant growth by giving them more sunlight, better air circulation and protection from pests. Your email address will not be published. Landscape Horticulture â Ever wonder who develops those beautiful parks and indoor garden environments? But sometimes particular plants will need slightly varying attention and care than others. Rather than staple crops, horticulture focuses on fruit, vegetables, flowers, and landscape plants. If you will try to engage in floriculture, you have to work in all areas of commercial flowers production. The most common plants used for Landscape horticulture includes grass, shrubs, vines and nursery plants. Your email address will not be published. Wondered who developed and maintains them aqua farming, apiculture or beekeeping, fishing, forestry, forest gardening forest! An aesthetic science that deals with degree program offered by agriculture universities,... 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