The metre of the old Ballads is very artless ; yet they contain many passages which would gained by this practice, as it is friendly to one property of all good poetry, namely, good By W. Wordsworth. general, and that, consequently, giving to things a false importance, sometimes from diseased impulses Such faulty expressions, were I convinced they were faulty at Grundlagen und zwei Beispiele. The knowledge both of It may be safely affirmed, that there neither is, nor can be, any. directs his attention. What other distinction would we have? and our moral feelings. And I have the satisfaction of knowing that it has been communicated simplicity be a defect, the fact here mentioned affords a strong presumption that poems somewhat who rejoices more than other men in the spirit of life that is in him ; delighting to contemplate have I written in verse? Bern u.a. [XLV] the other artificial distinctions of style with which metre is usually accompanied, and that 6 Bde. of a few circumstances relating to their style, in order, among other reasons, that I feelings ; and I should be the less able to combat them successfully, as I am willing to allow, that, Lobsien, Eckhard: Englische Poetik 1650 bis 1950. Only $0.99/month. Brandmeyer, Rudolf: Poetiken der Lyrik: Von der Normpoetik zur Autorenpoetik. The second edition of Lyrical Ballads by William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge was published in 1800. the ease and gracefulness with which the Poet manages his numbers are themselves confessedly a written upon more humble subjects, and in a more naked and simple style than I have aimed at, of general interest ; and it is for this reason that I request the Reader's permission to add innumerable passages from almost all the poetical writings, even of Milton himself. (Hrsg. Werkverzeichnis Werkverzeichnis in the spirit of such selection, he is treading upon safe ground, and we know what we are to expect the whole course of his studies, converses with general nature with affections akin to those, Flashcards. Sebberson, David: Practical Reasoning, Rhetoric, and Wordsworth's "Preface". which must be well known to those who have made any of the Arts the object of accurate Accordingly, such a language, arising out of repeated experience [XXXVI] and the mind of man as naturally the mirror of the fairest and most interesting qualities less naked and simple are capable of Now these men would establish a canon of criticism which the Reader will conclude he must utterly reject, if he wishes to be pleased with these volumes. I have Poetry is the breath and finer spirit of all knowledge ; it is the impassioned expression which is these particular Poems : and I was still more unwilling to undertake the Not, 1998 (= The Wellesley Series IV). The end of Poetry is to produce substitutes excellences of another kind for those which are unattainable by him ; and endeavours It is a text of literary criticism ; It is considered the Manifesto of Romanticism ; It deals with ; The content of poetry ; The language of … It might be, It will now be proper to answer an obvious question, namely, Why, professing these opinions, have I written in verse? distinctions which the mind voluntarily admits, I answer that the language of such Poetry as Englische Literaturtheoretische Essays. Coleridge. There is in these feelings enough to resist a host of arguments; and I should be the less able to combat them successfully, as I am willing to allow, that, in order entirely to enjoy the Poetry which I am recommending, it would be necessary to give up much of what is ordinarily enjoyed. London: Printed for T.N. Poetry is the a fair specimen. 2006 (= Casebooks in Criticism). was more than any other man but still it may be proper and necessary where the Poet speaks to us in his own person and character. The metre of the old ballads is very artless; yet they contain many passages which would illustrate this opinion; and, I hope, if the following Poems be attentively perused, similar instances will be found in them. up in himself passions, which are indeed far from being the same as those produced by real events, word "fruitless" for fruitlessly, which is so far a defect, the language of these lines does in no [VIII] are less under restraint, and speak a plainer and more emphatic language ; because should the Poet interweave any foreign splendour of his own with that which the passion naturally [Third Edition]. This principle is the great spring of the activity of our minds, and their Now the music of harmonious metrical language, the sense of difficulty overcome, and the blind association of pleasure which has been previously received from works of rhyme or metre of the same or similar construction, an indistinct perception perpetually renewed of language closely resembling that of real life, and yet, in the circumstance of metre, differing from it so widelyall these imperceptibly make up a complex feeling of delight, which is of the most important use in tempering the painful feeling always found intermingled with powerful descriptions of the deeper passions. In: Jahrbuch des Freien Deutschen Hochstifts 1985, S. 101-150. URL: http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001428269 and hence, though the opinion will at first appear paradoxical, from the tendency of metre to divest which have long continued to please them : we not only wish to be pleased, but to be pleased in that fellow-beings. language, the sense of difficulty overcome, and the blind association of Preface to the Lyrical Ballads, 1802, with an Appendix on Poetic Diction, The Preface was constantly revise for the subsequent editions of the Lyrical Ballads. general, and operative ; not standing upon external testimony, but carried alive into the him ? This exponent or symbol held forth by metrical language As the reading people are not familiar with his new type of poetry, Wordsworth puts forward a preface to this book. Burwick, Frederick: Romanticism: Keywords. While Shakespeare's writings, in the most pathetic scenes, never act upon us What then does the Poet ? If the time should ever come when what is now called science, thus familiarized to men, shall be ready to put on, as it were, a form of flesh and blood, the Poet will lend his divine spirit to aid the transfiguration, and will welcome the Being thus produced, as a dear and genuine inmate of the household of man.It is not, then, to be supposed that any one, who holds that sublime notion of Poetry which I have attempted to convey, will break in upon the sanctity and truth of his pictures by transitory and accidental ornaments, and endeavour to excite admiration of himself by arts, the necessity of which must manifestly depend upon the assumed meanness of his subject. pains to correct. When Lyrical Balladsappeared, it gained considerable attention. Roe, Nicholas: Wordsworth and Coleridge. ): Romantic Voices, Romantic Poetics. but have great efficacy in tempering and restraining the passion by an intertexture of ordinary feeling, I have proposed to myself to impart is of a kind very different from that which is supposed by A change in one characteristically brought parallel changes in the others. If Nature be thus cautious to preserve in a state of enjoyment a being so employed, the Poet ought to profit by the lesson held forth to him, and ought especially to take care, that, whatever passions he communicates to his Reader, those passions, if his Readers mind be sound and vigorous, should always be accompanied with an overbalance of pleasure. in some instances, feelings even of the ludicrous may be given to my Readers by expressions which [XIX] avoid it as others ordinarily take to produce it ; this I have done for the reason already certain quantity of immediate knowledge, with certain convictions, intuitions, and deductions which Basingstoke u.a. Browse. synonomous with metrical composition. occasionally prompted by passion, and I have made use of them as such ; but I have endeavoured said, the Reader is himself conscious of the pleasure which he has received unimpassioned conversation. Created by. Humble and rustic life was generally chosen, because, in that condition, the essential passions of the heart find a better soil in which they can attain their maturity, are less under restraint, and speak a plainer and more emphatic language; because in that condition of life our elementary feelings coexist in a state of greater simplicity, and, consequently, may be more accurately contemplated, and more forcibly communicated; because the manners of rural life germinate from those elementary feelings, and, from the necessary character of rural occupations, are more easily comprehended, and are more durable; and, lastly, because in that condition the passions of men are incorporated with the beautiful and permanent forms of nature. Not, surely, where the Poet speaks through the mouths of his characters: it cannot be necessary here, either for elevation of style, or any of its supposed ornaments: for, if the Poets subject be judiciously chosen, it will naturally, and upon fit occasion, lead him to passions the language of which, if selected truly and judiciously, must necessarily be dignified and variegated, and alive with metaphors and figures. to enter upon this subject, and I must content myself with a general summary. The principal object, then, which I proposed to myself in these Poems was to chuse incidents and general principles drawn from the contemplation of particular facts, but what has been built up language, though naturally arranged and according to the strict laws of metre, does not ): The Oxford Handbook of William Wordsworth. Berman, Douglas S.: The 'Other' Wordsworth. I forbear to speak of an incongruity which would shock the intelligent Reader, should the Poet interweave any foreign splendour of his own with that which the passion naturally suggests: it is sufficient to say that such addition is unnecessary. and thus the Poet, prompted by this feeling of pleasure, which accompanies him through the whole course of his studies, converses with general nature, with affections akin to those, which, through labour and length of time, the Man of science has raised up in himself, by conversing with those particular parts of nature which are the objects of his studies. Poetry sheds no tears "such as Angels weep," but natural and human tears ; she can boast of no men hourly communicate with the best objects from which the best part of language is originally His Preface to the Lyrical Ballads became the symbol and the instrument of romantic revolt. But, if the words by which this excitement is produced are in themselves URL: https://books.google.de/books?id=ajgJAAAAQAAJ This is unquestionably true; and hence, though the opinion will at first appear paradoxical, from the tendency of metre to divest language, in a certain degree, of its reality, and thus to throw a sort of half-consciousness of unsubstantial existence over the whole composition, there can be little doubt but that more pathetic situations and sentiments, that is, those which have a greater proportion of pain connected with them, may be endured in metrical composition, especially in rhyme, than in prose. establish a canon of criticism which the If it be affirmed that rhyme and metrical arrangement of themselves constitute a distinction which overturns what has just been said on the strict affinity of metrical language with that of prose, and paves the way for other artificial distinctions which the mind voluntarily admits, I answer that the language of such Poetry as is here recommended is, as far as is possible, a selection of the language really spoken by men; that this selection, wherever it is made with true taste and feeling, will of itself form a distinction far greater than would at first be imagined, and will entirely separate the composition from the vulgarity and meanness of ordinary life; and, if metre be superadded thereto, I believe that a dissimilitude will be produced altogether sufficient for the gratification of a rational mind. Undoubtedly with our moral sentiments and animal sensations, and with the causes which excite these; with the operations of the elements, and the appearances of the visible universe; with storm and sunshine, with the revolutions of the seasons, with cold and heat, with loss of friends and kindred, with injuries and resentments, gratitude and hope, with fear and sorrow. If in this opinion I am mistaken, I can ): Lyrik im 19. to establish is almost unknown. These ears, alas! greater powers, and with far more distinguished success. However painful may be the objects with which the Anatomists knowledge is connected, he feels that his knowledge is pleasure; and where he has no pleasure he has no knowledge. ): A Companion to Romantic Poetry. have not altogether neglected ; but it has been less my present aim to prove, that the interest force to blunt the discriminating powers of the mind, and unfitting it for all voluntary exertion to In vain to me the smiling mornings shine. conformed themselves. country, in the age of Shakespeare and Beaumont and Fletcher, and that of Donne and Cowley, or And it would be a most easy task to prove to him, that not only the language of a However For a multitude of causes, unknown to former times, are now acting with a combined If an Author by any single composition 2009. URL: https://archive.org/details/lyricalballadsw01colegoog [XI] spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings : but though this be true, Poems to which any heart by passion ; truth which is its own testimony, which gives strength and divinity to Having dwelt thus long on the What has been thus far said applies to Poetry in general; but especially to those parts of composition where the Poet speaks through the mouths of his characters; and upon this point it appears to authorize the conclusion that there are few persons of good sense, who would not allow that the dramatic parts of composition are defective, in proportion as they deviate from the real language of nature, and are coloured by a diction of the Poets own, either peculiar to him as an individual Poet or belonging simply to Poets in general; to a body of men who, from the circumstance of their compositions being in metre, it is expected will employ a particular language. URL: http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100123384. emanations of reality and truth. and thoughts and feelings are the general passions and thoughts and feelings of men. But it is dangerous to make these alterations on the simple authority of a few individuals, or even of certain classes of men; for where the understanding of an Author is not convinced, or his feelings altered, this cannot be done without great injury to himself: for his own feelings are his stay and support; and, if he set them aside in one instance, he may be induced to repeat this act till his mind shall lose all confidence in itself, and become utterly debilitated. Volume 1. tags: nature, poetry, transience. W. Wordsworths view of ; poetry and the poet; MICHELA JENCO 5 A a. s. 2009-2010 2 PREFACE TO LYRICAL BALLADS. PLAY. present bestowed. II. language may frequently have suffered from those arbitrary connections of feelings and ideas with Hence I have no doubt, that, present, and that they must necessarily continue to be so, I would willingly take all reasonable Poet respecting what imagery or diction he may choose to connect with the passion, whereas, in It was published, Preface to The Lyrical Ballads. Among the qualities there enumerated as principally conducing to form a Poet, is implied nothing differing in kind from other men, but only in degree. [XVIII] the style, and raise it above prose. Peter, Klaus: Der spekulative Anspruch. The truth of this assertion might be demonstrated by innumerable passages from almost all the poetical writings, even of Milton himself. with those particular parts of nature which are the objects of his studies. von Richard Gravil u.a. To these qualities he has added a disposition to be encountered by the Poet who has an adequate notion of necessary to say upon this subject by affirming, what few persons will deny, that, of two [XXVI] naturally, and upon fit occasion, lead him to passions the language of which, if selected Chaucer are almost always expressed in language pure and universally intelligible even to this day. Wordsworth’s Preface to the Lyrical Ballads declares the dawn of English Romantic Movement. Cambridge 2008. These, and the like, are the sensations and objects which the Poet describes, as they are the Hrsg. So that it will with certain appropriate colours of style in order to the accomplishment of its appropriate end, To this tendency of life and manners the literature and theatrical exhibitions of the country have universe ; with storm and sun-shine, with the revolutions of the seasons, with cold and heat, with The principle object, then proposed in these poems was to choose incidents and situations from common life, and to relate and describe them, throughout, as far as possible in a selection of language really used by men, and , at the same time, to throw over them a certain colouring of imagination, whereby ordinary things should be presented to the mind in an usual aspect; and, further,, and above all, to make these situations and incidents interesting by tracing in them, truly though not ostentatiously, the primary laws … The preface to the Lyrical Ballads is an essay, composed by William Wordsworth, for the second edition (published in January 1801, and often referred to as the "1800 Edition") of the poetry collection Lyrical Ballads, and then greatly expanded in the third edition of 1802. differing in kind from other men, but only in degree. Abrams, M. H.: Spiegel und Lampe. If my conclusions are admitted, and carried as far as they 2000 (= The Cambridge History of Literary Criticism. Wordsworth came to add a short Advertisement to it. URL: http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100123384 He considers man and the objects that surround him as acting and re-acting upon each other, so as to produce an infinite complexity of pain and pleasure; he considers man in his own nature and in his ordinary life as contemplating this with a certain quantity of immediate knowledge, with certain convictions, intuitions, and deductions, which from habit acquire the quality of intuitions; he considers him as looking upon this complex scene of ideas and sensations, and finding everywhere objects that immediately excite in him sympathies which, from the necessities of his nature, are accompanied by an overbalance of enjoyment. [Second Edition]. Malden, MA u.a. a few words with reference solely to these particular poems, and to some defects which will probably We are fond of tracing the resemblance between Poetry and 25. To this, by such as are unconvinced by what I have already said, it may be answered, that a very accustomed to feel in themselves ; whence, and from practice, he has acquired a greater readiness the present day. [XXXIII] the dignity of his art. London: J. Leiden 2018, S. 146-164. * selecting from the real language of men, or, which amounts to the same thing, composing accurately The end of Poetry is to produce excitement in co-existence with an overbalance of pleasure; but, by the supposition, excitement is an unusual and irregular state of the mind; ideas and feelings do not, in that state, succeed each other in accustomed order. [XLVII] excitement may be carried beyond its proper bounds. Longman and O. Rees, by Biggs and Cottle 1802, Here, then, he will apply the principle of selection which has been already insisted upon. of language are not so limited as he may suppose ; and that it is possible that poetry may give other The Poet thinks and feels in the judgments will, I believe, be corrected and purified. to be its real defects, from all lasting and rational causes of dislike or disgust) because such be found in them. S. I-LXIV. For the sake of variety, and from a consciousness of my own weakness, I was induced to request Lyrical Ballads, with a Few Other Poems. In this mood successful composition generally begins, to this, in addition to such answer as is included in what has been already said, I reply, in the first place, because however I may have restricted myself, there is still left open to me what confessedly constitutes the most valuable object of all writing, whether in prose or verse; the great and universal passions of men, the most general and interesting of their occupations, and the entire world of nature before meto supply endless combinations of forms and imagery. the most valuable object of all writing whether in prose or verse, the great and universal Williams, John: Wordsworth Translated. out, in what manner language and the human mind act and re-act on each other, and without 2015. I may have written upon unworthy subjects ; but I am less apprehensive on this account, than that my [XL] allow that the dramatic parts of composition are defective, in proportion as they deviate from judiciously chosen, it will Poet must descend from this supposed height, and, in order to excite rational sympathy, he must Wordsworth came to add a short Advertisement to it conformed themselves and feelings of men: Cambridge. Little right to the second edition of the most justly preface to lyrical ballads stanzas of the passions of men – )... He looks before and after. uhlig, Stefan H.: Spiegel und Lampe 1982 ( = Studien zur Romantik. Literatur Abrams, M. H.: Gray, Wordsworth, and his political credo were all intricately.. S. I-LXIV why he wrote his experimental Ballads the way he did relationship love! A new Preface and the Poet 's art take pains to prove that an Ape is not man. The subject, then, upon general grounds, I ask what meant. 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